What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

January 1, 2013By 0 Comments

Symptoms and Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

benign prostatic hyperplasiaBenignprostatic hyperplasia is an ordinary urological condition caused by the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland commonly observed in older men. It begins when a man is thirty years and evolves slowly till a man is 50 whereby it starts causing symptoms to show. The condition is commonly abbreviated as BPH and takes place when the prostate gland grows in size compressing the urethra which courses through it. This can hamper the flow of urine from the bladder to the outside which causes a variety of symptoms expounded below.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia may be discovered by a diagnosis done for prostate cancer. The diagnosis may involve one or all of the above tests: a blood test, imaging studies which is done by the use of X-rays, ultrasounds, CT-scans, MRIs or bone scans and a prostate biopsy where the cells of the prostate are checked under a microscope. It is worthwhile to note that while benign prostatic hyperplasia is not cancer; its symptoms are similar to those of prostate cancer.

The symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia include: the necessitate to urinate often and especially at night, difficulty in starting or stopping flow of urine, incapability to urinate, feeble and decreased need to urinate, a sense of partly emptying the bladder Burning or ache during urination, blood in the urine or semen and agonizing ejaculation. It is also common knowledge that benign prostatic hyperplasia is prevalent among men.

Risk factors that contribute to occurrence of benign prostatic hyperplasia include obesity, a deficiency in physical activity, increasing age and a family history of benign prostatic hyperplasia. A diagnosis of this condition can be done through a blood test, urine test, cytoscopy which is a direct look in the urethra using a small flexible scope, an ultrasound among other tests. These tests should be taken by any male who suspects that he is ailing from benign prostatic hyperplasia .

Severe symptoms of this condition may include urinary tract infections, kidney or bladder damage, bladder stones hence the condition should be discovered early in order to avoid the above conditions.

Treatment of Benign Prostatic hyperplasia

There is no cure for this condition however treatments are available. They include watchful waiting whereby persons ailing from mild symptoms of this condition are carefully monitored by their physicians without active treatment. Many patients’ condition can be managed successfully by a change in diet and medication. This treatment though effective runs the risk of inability to reduce the patient’s symptoms once treatment begins.

Another treatment available includes the use of therapies. They include the use of alpha blockers which are drugs used to reduce the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia however does not reduce the size of the prostate gland, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors which also reduce the symptoms of this ailment and the enlarged size of the prostate gland however can cause erectile dysfunction, a combination of both treatments with a downside of numerous side effects.

Minimally invasive therapies, transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) of the prostate which is a procedure whereby a cytoscope-like device is inserted into the prostate and low-level frequency radio waves are emitted which kill prostate tissue thus absorbed into the body reducing the size of the prostate gland. Surgical treatment may also be considered as a last resolve.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia though common should be taken with the utmost importance and treatment acquired as soon as the condition is discovered in the body.




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